& Driver (2004)
"Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention"
/ Order Book
am particularly interested in questions relating to the role
of attention in multisensory perception. Much of my work involves
the investigation of multisensory illusions such as the 'rubber
hand illusion'. I am also interested in investigating how
our understanding of multisensory perception can be used in
a consumer psychology setting to improve the perception of
I supervise research in other applied settings, such as studying
the attentional limitations on our ability to talk on a mobile
phone while attempting to drive a car (BBC
News). Finally, one area of growing interest in my laboratory
concerns the temporal processing of information, and the synchronization
of sensory signals."
Distinctions: National & International Prizes
Ig Nobel award for nutrition awarded for the article: Zampini,
M., & Spence, C. (2004). The role of auditory cues in
modulating the perceived crispness and staleness of potato
chips. Journal of Sensory Science, 19, 347-363.
Division of Experimental Psychology Young Investigator Award
in Experimental Psychology: Applied awarded to Cristy Ho for
'the most outstanding empirical paper authored by an eligible
young scholar', by the American Psychological Association
for the article: Ho, C., & Spence, C. (2005). Assessing
the effectiveness of various auditory cues in capturing a
driver's visual attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology:
Applied, 11, 157-174.
Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel Research Award from the Alexander
von Humboldt Foundation, Germany: 'in recognition of past
accomplishments in research and teaching'.
Paul Bertelson Award, European Society for Cognitive Psychology:
'Honoring scientists in an early stage of their scientific
careers who have made an outstanding contribution to cognitive
psychology in Europe'
10th Experimental Psychology Society Prize: 'Recognizing
an outstanding contribution to experimental psychology from
a researcher at an early stage in their career'
BPS Cognitive Section Award: 'For the article that has
done the most to further the understanding of cognitive psychology
in the UK': Spence, C., Shore, D. I., & Klein, R.
M. (2001). Multimodal prior entry. Journal of Experimental
Psychology: General, 130, 799-832.
driver attention: Multisensory contributions to interface
Presented at the British Association for the Advancement of
Science on 05-09-2005.
C., & Spence, C. (2005). Assessing the effectiveness of
various auditory cues in capturing a driver's visual attention.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 11, 157-174.
C., & Spence, C. (2005). Olfactory facilitation of dual-task
performance. Neuroscience Letters, 389, 35-40. [link]
C., Tan, H. Z., & Spence, C. (2005). Using spatial vibrotactile
cues to direct visual attention in driving scenes. Transportation
Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 8, 397-412.
alerts tickle senses (Discovery Channel - News)
car warning system (BBC Radio 4 - Leading Edge)
by the seat of your pants for safety (Daily Telegraph)
perks up drowsy drivers (ABC News in Science)
vibrations to cut road accidents (The Guardian)
Lewkowicz, D., & Spence, C. (Eds.) (forthcoming). Multisensory development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
C., & Spence, C. (2008). The multisensory driver: Implications
for ergonomic car interface design. Aldershot: Ashgate
G., Spence, C., & Stein, B. E. (Eds.) (2004). The handbook
of multisensory processing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
C., & Driver, J. (Eds.) (2004). Crossmodal space and
crossmodal attention. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Spence, C. (2002).
The ICI report on the secret of the senses. London: The Communication Group.
C. (2010). Crossmodal attention. Scholarpedia, 5(5), 6309.[link]
Spence, C., & Ho, C. (2008). Crossmodal information
processing in driving. In C. Castro & L. R.
Hartley (Eds.), Human factors of visual and cognitive performance
in driving (pp. 187-200). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
C., & Ho, C. (2008). Multisensory interface design
for drivers: Past, present, and future. Ergonomics (Peer commentary
on 'The future of Ergonomics'), 51, 65-70.
C., Sanabria, D., Soto-Faraco, S. (2007). Intersensory
Gestalten and crossmodal scene perception. In K.
Noguchi (Ed.), The psychology of beauty and Kansei: New horizon
of Gestalt perception (pp. 519-579). Tokyo: Nihon University College of Humanities and Sciences.
C., & Walton, M. (2005). On the inability to ignore touch
when responding to vision in the crossmodal congruency task.
Acta Psychologica, 118, 47-70.
C. (2004). Crossmodal attention and multisensory integration.
In Proceedings of ICA 2004: The 18th international congress
on acoustics (pp III-2285 - III-2288). Kyoto, Japan, 4-9th
C., & Driver, J. (Eds.). (2004). Crossmodal Space and
Crossmodal Attention. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
C., Pavani, F., & Driver, J. (2004). Spatial constraints
on visual-tactile crossmodal distractor congruency effects.
Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 4, 148-169.
C., & McDonald, J. (2004). The crossmodal consequences
of the exogenous spatial orienting of attention In G. A. Calvert,
C. Spence, & B. E. Stein (Eds.), The handbook of multisensory
processing (pp. 3-25). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
C., Pavani, F., Maravita, A., & Holmes, N. (2004). Multisensory
contributions to the 3-D representation of visuotactile peripersonal
space in humans: Evidence from the crossmodal congruency task.
Journal of Physiology (Paris), 98, 171-189. [pdf]
C., McDonald, J., & Driver, J. (2004). Exogenous spatial-cuing
studies of human crossmodal attention and multisensory integration.
In C. Spence & J. Driver (Eds.), Crossmodal space and
crossmodal attention (pp. 277-320). Oxford: Oxford University
C. (2003). A new multisensory approach to health and well-being.
In Essence, 2, 16-22.
C. (2003). Crossmodal attention and multisensory integration:
Implications for multimodal interface design. ICMI¡¯03.
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Multimodal
Interfaces (November 5-7, Vancouver, British Columbia, CA;
p. 3). New York: The Association for Computing Machinery Press.
C., & Read, L. (2003). Speech shadowing while driving:
On the difficulty of splitting attentions between eye and
ear. Psychological Science, 14, 251-256.
C., & Squire, S. (2003). Multisensory integration: Maintaining
the perception of synchrony. Current Biology, 13, R519-R521.
C., Baddeley, R., Zampini, M., James, R., & Shore, D.
I. (2003). Multisensory temporal order judgments: When two
locations are better than one. Perception & Psychophysics,
+44 (0) 1865 271364
+44 (0) 1865 310447
charles.spence AT psy.ox.ac.uk
windscreens' press release (08-05-2003)
cars through touch, sound and smell (Oxford Blueprint